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Montefalco Sagrantino DOCG

MONTEFALCO SAGRANTINO DOCG

This greatly structured wine is obtained only from Sagrantino grapes. This grape grows solely in the Montefalco area. It has unique characteristics that bear no similarities with any other grape variety in Italy. Thanks to its extraordinary richness in polyphenols and tannins it is very suitable to long ageing. It thus needs a long finishing in wood first, then in the bottle.
Serving recommendations: grilled meats, with dark sauces, game.
Serving temperature: 64°F

MONTEFALCO SAGRANTINO PASSITO DOCG

The traditional Passito (sweet wine) is obtained from the homonymous grape. The bunches are accurately selected and then left to dry out on mats for at least two months. The grapes are then pressed and the must is left to ferment together with the grape skins. In this way a very particular passito wine is obtained: sweet yet dry thanks to its high content in tannins.
Serving recommendations: a meditation wine or accompanied with ripe cheeses or dry sweets.
Serving temperature: 54°F

GRAPE  MIXES: 100% Sagrantino

CHARACTERISTICS (TERRAIN AND CLIMATE)

The town of Montefalco and its surrounding hills have a continental climate. Based on the reference average temperature of the last thirty years from 1961 to 1990, the average temperature registered in the coldest month, i.e. January, is +3.8 °C, while the one of the hottest month, i.e. July, is +25.3 °C.
Annual average rainfalls are about 700 mm and distributed on 89 days on average, with a relative minimum rainfall and the summer and a peak in autumn. Snow falls about seven times a year in towns, sometimes also with quite heavy snowdrifts. About 40 days of frost are registered on average every year.

PRODUCTION AREA         

The area referred to by article 3 of the specifications for the production of Montefalco wine is the province area of Perugia at the heart of Umbria and stretches over the entire municipal area of Montefalco and part of the municipalities of Bevagna, Giano dell’Umbria, Gualdo Cattaneo and Castel Ritaldi. This is a very small production area, with lands gently sloping along the hills and the altimetry of the cultivation area ranging between 220 m above sea level and 472 m above sea level on the highest hills with medieval towns on the top. The inclination of the vineyards and their general exposure is varied, so as to create a large range of microclimates and cultivation conditions.

SUMMARY OF MONTEFALCO PRODUCTION  REGULATIONS

MAXIMUM YIELD   AGEING
GRAPE WINE MIN.ACIDITY MIN. ALCOHOL TOTAL IN OAK
Sagrantino

Secco

80 ql/ha 65% 4,5 qr/lt 13,00% 37 m months beginning on december 1 12 months
Sagrantino

Passito

80 ql/ha 35% 4,5 qr/lt 14,50% 37  months beginning on december 1

MAIN AMPELOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

SHOOT Fan-shaped, cottony, whitish-green in color with carmine edges.
LEAF Medium-sized, orbicular, three-lobed or rarely five-lobed. Its petiolar
sinus is U-shaped and closed with superimposed edges; superior lateral
sinuses are lyre-shaped and closed or semi-closed and V-shaped;
inferior sinuses, if present, are V-shaped and open. Wavy borders with
revolute lobes
CLUSTER Medium or small, cylindrical or cylindrical-conical, winged, semi-spread.
GRAPE Medium, spheroidal, medium-trick to thick skin, medium-pruinose to very pruinose skin, black epidermis.
PHENOLOGY AGRONOMY
Germination period: medium

Ripening period: medium

Flowering period: early

Grape maturation period: late

GPI 2 and PGM 4 isoenzymes

Planting posture: semi-erect

Vigor: medium-low

Average bunch weight: 150-200 gr.

Bud fertility: usually 1 or 2

NEDS PHYSIOLOGY
Favors medium-sized training systems

and medium to long pruning.

Moderately loose-packed, siliceous-clayey

soils, irregular production.

High resistance to winter and spring cold

spells, medium tolerance of iodine and rot,

low tolerance to peronospora, particularly

on the leaves.

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